Original Citation – McNair, D., Lorr, M., Dropplemen, L. Edits manual: Profile of mood states. San Diego: Educational and Industrial Testing Services, 1971.
Contact Information - Please see Multi Health Systems (MHS) Website
Price & Availability – All POMS forms are available in MHS QuikScore™ format and are available for a fee via Multi Health Systems Inc. Click here to view instrument.
Brief Description of Instrument – Assessment of mood states.
Administration time – 5 to 10 minutes.
Scale Format – 5-point Likert, response options: not at all; a little; moderately; quite a lot; extremely.
Administration Technique – Self-administered questionnaire.
Scoring and Interpretation – Six mood states: tension, depression, anger, vigour, fatigue and confusion. Subjects are given a score for each trait.
Factors and Norms – Factorial validity of the 6 mood factors reported. Please see user's manual for more information.
Test-retest Reliability - Test-retest reliability reported as "reasonable" please see manual for more information.
Internal Consistency - Chronbach's alpha .63-.92 for subscales, .75-.92 for total score. Correlations between subscale and total scores in the POMS equal to or exceeding .84. Please see manual for more infomration.
Responsive to Change Over Time – Investigated by numerous studies, please see user's manual for more details.
Strengths – Extensive testing, used widely multiple areas.
Notes for Consideration – Various translations are available.
Published APN Studies using instrument – McCorkle, R., Benoliel, J.Q., Donaldon, G., Georgiadou, F., Moinpour, C., Goodell, B. A randomized clinical control trial of home nursing care for lung cancer patients. Cancer. 1989. 64: 1375-1382. View in PubMed
Related Methods Articles (Not reviewed) - Moore K, Stanley R, Burrows G. Profile of Mood States: Australian normative data. Psychol Rep. 1990 Apr;66(2):509-10.
Albrecht RR, Ewing SJ. Standardizing the administration of the Profile of Mood States (POMS): development of alternative word lists. J Pers Assess. 1989 Spring;53(1):31-9.
Norcross JC, Guadagnoli E, Prochaska JO. Factor structure of the Profile of Mood States (POMS): two partial replications. J Clin Psychol. 1984 Sep;40(5):1270-7.
Pollock V, Cho DW, Reker D, Volavka J. Profile of Mood States: the factors and their physiological correlates. J Nerv Ment Dis. 1979 Oct;167(10):612-4.
Nyenhuis DL, Yamamoto C, Luchetta T, Terrien A, Parmentier A. Adult and geriatric normative data and validation of the profile of mood states. J Clin Psychol. 1999 Jan;55(1):79-86.